Introduction

It is only after World War 2 that Peter Drucker, the late giant of management theories, introduced this word “management”. Earlier on there were owners and bosses that worked as family company leaders. They had a circle of trusted people around them that helped to organize the workforce that did the job. Since the fifties of the last century we have seen the worldwide growth of the organized community that is run by managers. They represent the owners that are now also quite anonymous persons. We have seen an explosion of new management theories and models during the last fifty years that have accompanied us in this extreme management and organization growth. We all know the famous names of Taylor and Fayol as pioneering thinkers on organization efficiency ideas. Many other thinkers that reflected on organization practices followed them. My favourites are Peter Drucker and Henry Mintzberg.

One of the most interesting concepts on organization management/leadership and organization development is the concept that Bernard Lievegoed introduced around 1964. He described three phases of development of organization. The first phase he called the pioneering phase. It is the traditional start of organizations as we have seen it happening over many centuries. There is a person that has an idea that should respond to observed needs of people. This idea is made to work by forming a first small community of related people with different talents and qualities that help to make the thing work. Technical skills, financial skills, personnel skills etcetera that were needed are mobilized on an informal basis. The organization expands when it survives the first years. Read more …